The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) is a natural history museum on Manhattan's Upper West Side. The museum complex, which is located across the street from Central Park in Theodore Roosevelt Park, is made up of 26 interconnected buildings that house 45 permanent exhibition halls, as well as a planetarium and a library. Over 34 million specimens of plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, human remains, and human cultural artifacts, as well as specialized collections for frozen tissue and genomic and astrophysical data, are housed in the museum's collections, of which only a small fraction can be displayed at any given time. The museum is almost two million square feet in size (190,000 m2).The AMNH employs 225 full-time scientists, sponsors over 120 special field missions each year, and receives over five million visitors each year.
The mission statement of the American Museum of Natural History is: To discover, interpret, and disseminate through scientific research and education knowledge about human cultures, the natural world, and the universe.
The Art Institute of Chicago, located in Grant Park in Chicago, was founded in 1879 and is one of the world's oldest and largest art museums. The museum, which is known for its curatorial efforts and popularity among visitors, attracts over 1.5 million visitors each year. A Sunday on La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat, Pablo Picasso's The Old Guitarist, Edward Hopper's Nighthawks, and Grant Wood's American Gothic are among the works in its encyclopedic collection, which is overseen by 11 curatorial departments. Its permanent collection of almost 300,000 works of art is supplemented by over 30 special exhibitions held each year that highlight different parts of the collection as well as cutting-edge curatorial and scientific research.
The Art Institute also contains a conservation and conservation science department, five conservation laboratories, and the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries, which are among the country's largest art history and architecture libraries.
The museum's 1893 building, which was built for the World's Columbian Exposition, has seen various additions as the collection has grown. The Modern Wing, built by Renzo Piano and completed in 2009, increased the museum's footprint to approximately one million square feet, making it the United States' second-largest art museum behind the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Art Institute of Chicago is affiliated with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, a prestigious art school, making it one of the country's few remaining unified arts schools.
The Art Institute of Chicago got 1,619,316 visitors in 2017, making it the world's 35th most visited art museum. The museum was closed for 169 days in 2020 owing to the COVID-19 epidemic, and visitation fell by 78 percent from 2019 to 365,660.
During World War II, the Nazi German concentration camp and extermination camp for Jews were built on the outskirts of Oswiecim, initially consisting only of Auschwitz I, which opened in the spring of 1940 and later expanded to include the much larger Birkenau camp, Monowitz, and nearly 50 sub-camps of various sizes. At least one million people, mostly Jews, but also Poles, Roma, Soviet POWs, and individuals of all nationalities, were slaughtered by the Germans in Auschwitz.
After Poland's defeat in 1939, the German army took over the former Polish Army garrison at Oswiecim, which was requisitioned by the SS in 1940. The SS established a concentration camp here, which became known as Auschwitz I. The captives were predominantly men, and at first, mostly Poles. Later, Jewish and other cargoes were also sent here. The SS also detained women and Soviet prisoners of war here in specific periods. The Commandants' Office and certain SS offices were also located here, and the camp's further expansion was coordinated from this location.
The camp's reputation for sadism was created in May 1940, when German criminals were brought in as bureaucrats. For the most insignificant of reasons, prisoners were beaten, tortured, and executed. Around August 1941, the first gassings of Soviet and Polish prisoners took place in block 11 of Auschwitz I. The following month, construction of Auschwitz II began, and from 1942 to late 1944, freight trains transported Jews from all over German-occupied Europe to the camp's gas chambers. 1.1 million of the 1.3 million people deported to Auschwitz were slaughtered. 960,000 Jews, 74,000 ethnic Poles, 21,000 Roma, 15,000 Soviet POWs, and up to 15,000 other Europeans were among the casualties. Those who were not gassed died of malnutrition, exhaustion, sickness, executions, or beatings.
The Boston Children's Museum is a children's museum dedicated to the education of children in Boston, Massachusetts. Boston Children's Museum is the second oldest children's museum in the United States, located on Children's Wharf in the Fort Point Channel. It includes a variety of activities that are both entertaining and educational for young children.
The Museum of Scientific (MoS) is a science museum and indoor zoo located in Science Park, a parcel of land spanning the Charles River in Boston, Massachusetts. The museum has over 700 interactive exhibits and daily live presentations throughout the facility, as well as shows at the Charles Hayden Planetarium and the Mugar Omni Theater, New England's only domed IMAX screen. The museum is also a member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) and houses more than 100 species, many of which have been rescued and rehabilitated.
The British Museum is a public institution in London, England, dedicated to human history, art, and culture. It is located in the Bloomsbury neighborhood. Its permanent collection of eight million pieces is one of the world's largest and most complete, having been amassed over the course of the British Empire.
It tells the story of human culture from its inception to the present day. It was the world's first public national museum. The Museum was founded in 1753, based largely on the collections of Sir Hans Sloane, an Anglo-Irish physician and scientist. It initially opened its doors to the public in Montagu House, on the same site, in 1759. The expansion of the museum over the next 250 years was largely due to British colonization, and it led in the establishment of various offshoot institutions, the first of which was the Natural History Museum in 1881.
The British Library Act 1972 split the library department from the British Museum in 1973, however the British Library remained housed in the same Reading Room and building as the museum until 1997. Except for loan exhibitions, the museum is a non-departmental public entity supported by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, and it charges no admission fee, as do all national museums in the UK.
Its ownership of some of its most renowned artefacts, most notably the Elgin Marbles of Greece and the Rosetta Stone of Egypt, is disputed and is the topic of international debate through repatriation claims.
The Houston Children's Museum (CMH) is a children's museum located in Houston's Museum District. It was established in 1980 and is housed in a building designed by Robert Venturi. It offers a variety of creative exhibitions and multilingual learning activities for children from birth to twelve years. It is one of 190 children's museums in the United States and 15 children's museums in Texas. It serves over 1,400,000 people annually and is run as a 501(c)(3) organization under the leadership of a Board of Directors.
The Indianapolis Children's Museum is the world's largest children's museum. It is located at 3000 North Meridian Street in the United Northwest Area neighborhood of Indianapolis, Indiana, United States. The American Alliance of Museums has granted the museum accreditation. It covers 472,900 square feet (43,933.85 m2) and has five levels of display rooms, with over one million visitors each year. The American Collection, the Cultural World Collection, and the Natural World Collection are the three areas that make up the museum's collection of nearly 120,000 artifacts and exhibit items. A reconstructed Cretaceous dinosaur habitat, a carousel, a steam train, and the glass sculpture Fireworks of Glass Tower and Ceiling are among the attractions.The museum focuses on family learning; most displays are interactive, allowing children and their families to participate actively.
It is the fourth-oldest such institution in the world, having been founded in 1925 by Mary Stewart Carey with the support of Indianapolis civic leaders and organizations. The museum moved to its current location in 1946; the current building was built in 1976 and has had four significant expansions since then. Thousands of activities are held at the museum each year, including plays at the Lilly Theater, school programs and workshops, traveling exhibits, and fund-raising events.It employs 400 people and has 1,500 volunteers, with a budget of $28.7 million in 2008. A huge endowment, which was established in the 1960s and is controlled by a board of trustees, ensures its financial stability. Jennifer Pace Robinson, a 29-year museum veteran, was named the museum's new president and CEO in May 2021.
The Frida Kahlo Museum, popularly known as the Blue House (La Casa Azul) because of its cobalt-blue walls, is a historic house museum and art museum dedicated to Mexican artist Frida Kahlo's life and work. It's in the Coyoacán area of Mexico City's Colonia del Carmen. The structure was Kahlo's birthplace, the home where she grew up, lived for many years with her husband Diego Rivera, and subsequently died in a room on the upper level. Diego Rivera donated the house and its contents to Frida Kahlo in 1957, and it was turned into a museum in her honor.
The museum houses Frida Kahlo's, Diego Rivera's, and other artists' works, as well as the couple's Mexican folk art, pre-Hispanic antiquities, photographs, mementos, personal things, and more. The collection is on display in the house's rooms, which are mostly unchanged since the 1950s. It is Coyoacán's most popular museum, as well as one of Mexico City's most popular.
The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum focuses on Georgia O'Keeffe's creative legacy, her life, American modernism, and public involvement. It debuted eleven years after the artist's death, on July 17, 1997. It consists of various sites in two locations: Santa Fe and Abiquiu, both in New Mexico. In addition to the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum (also known as the Museum Galleries) in Santa Fe, the O'Keeffe also contains the Library and Archive, which is housed in the historic A.M. Georgia O'Keeffe's historic Abiquiu Home and Studio; the O'Keeffe Welcome Center in Abiquiu; and Museum Stores in both Santa Fe and Abiquiu.The O'Keeffe Museum owns Georgia O'Keeffe's extra residence on the Ghost Ranch site, although it is not open to the public.
The Glazer Children's Museum is a children's museum in downtown Tampa, Florida, alongside the Tampa Riverwalk, next to the Tampa Museum of Art and Curtis Hixon Park. The Waterfront Arts District includes it.
The museum, which is housed in a 53,000-square-foot structure in downtown Tampa, contains 170 interactive exhibits in a variety of themed themes. Exhibits on the road enhance the museum's permanent collection on occasion.
The Kunsthistorisches Museum (also known as the Museum of Fine Arts) is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. It is capped with an octagonal dome and is housed in a spectacular palace edifice on Ringstraße. Both the organization and the main building are referred to as the Kunsthistorisches Museum. It is the country's largest art museum and one of the world's most important museums.
Around the same time as the Natural History Museum in Vienna, which has a similar design and lies directly across Maria-Theresien-Platz, Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary opened the institution in 1891. Gottfried Semper and Baron Karl von Hasenauer designed the two structures, which were built between 1871 and 1891. The two Ringstraße museums were commissioned by the Emperor to provide a fitting home for the Habsburgs' vast art collection and to make it accessible to the general public. The structures are rectangular in design, with symmetrical Renaissance Revival sandstone façades on the main levels lined with enormous arched windows and crowned with a 60-meter-high octagonal dome. The museums' interiors are opulently furnished with marble, stucco decoration, gold leaf, and murals. Gustav Klimt, Ernst Klimt, Franz Matsch, Hans Makart, and Mihály Munkácsy's paintings adorn the grand stairwell.
The So Paulo Museum of Art is a museum in the Brazilian city of So Paulo, located on Paulista Avenue. It is most known for its headquarters, a 1968 concrete and glass tower designed by Lina Bo Bardi, whose main body is supported by two lateral beams across a 74-meter-long (243-foot-long) freestanding area, and is regarded as a city landmark and a prominent icon of modern Brazilian architecture.
Assis Chateaubriand and Pietro Maria Bardi founded the museum in 1947 as a non-profit organization. MASP is known for its pioneering position as a cultural institution and for numerous notable efforts in the fields of museology and art education in Brazil. It was also the first museum in Brazil to focus on post-World War II art.
The museum's collection of European art is regarded as the best in Latin America and the entire Southern Hemisphere. It also holds a large collection of Brazilian paintings, prints, and drawings, as well as smaller collections of African and Asian art, antiques, decorative arts, and other items totaling over 8,000 pieces. In addition, MASP houses one of the country's major art libraries. Brazil's Institute of History and Art has included the complete collection to the list of Brazilian National Heritage.
The Mount Rushmore National Memorial is centered on a massive sculpture cut into Mount Rushmore's granite face. Gutzon Borglum, a sculptor, designed the artwork and oversaw its construction with the help of his son, Lincoln Borglum, from 1927 to 1941. Presidents George Washington (1732–1799), Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919), and Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865) are represented by 60-foot (18-meter) heads, as requested by Borglum. The four presidents were chosen to represent the country's beginnings, progress, development, and preservation. The memorial park spans 1,278 acres (2.00 square miles; 5.17 square kilometers), with the actual peak rising to a height of 5,725 feet (1,745 meters) above sea level.
Doane Robinson, a South Dakota historian, is credited with coming up with the idea of carving the likenesses of famous people into the Black Hills of South Dakota to attract tourism. Gutzon Borglum's original plan was to sculpt the Needles, but he decided against it because to the poor quality of the granite and significant opposition from the Lakota (Sioux), who regard the Black Hills as hallowed territory; it was once part of the Great Sioux Reservation. After gold was discovered in the Black Hills, the United States divided the territory.
Mount Rushmore was chosen by the sculptor and tribal representatives because it faces southeast for optimum sun exposure. Lewis and Clark, their expedition guide Sacagawea, Oglala Lakota chief Red Cloud, Buffalo Bill Cody, and Oglala Lakota chief Crazy Horse were among the heroes Robinson wished to include. Borglum picked the four presidents because he thought the sculpture should appeal to a wider audience.
Senator Peter Norbeck of South Dakota championed the project and received federal financing. Construction on the presidents' faces began in 1927 and was finished between 1934 and 1939. After Gutzon Borglum's death in March 1941, the construction project was taken over by his son Lincoln. The plan was for each president to be represented from head to waist, but because to a shortage of funds, building was halted on October 31, 1941.
Mount Rushmore, often known as the Shrine of Democracy, receives over two million tourists each year.
The Musée d'Orsay is a museum on the Left Bank of the Seine in Paris, France. The old Gare d'Orsay, a Beaux-Arts railway station erected between 1898 and 1900, now houses the museum. Paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photographs, mostly from 1848 to 1914, are on display at the museum. It houses the world's largest collection of Impressionist and post-Impressionist masterpieces, including works by Berthe Morisot, Claude Monet, Claude Manet, Edgar Degas, Renoir, Cézanne, Seurat, Sisley, Gauguin, and Vincent van Gogh. Prior to the museum's establishment in 1986, several of these works were on display at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume. It is one of Europe's largest art museums.
The museum had one million visitors in 2021, up 30% from 2020, but still far behind previous years due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the decline, it was ranked sixteenth among the most visited art museums in 2020.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a governmental organization responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research in the United States.
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was replaced by NASA in 1958. The new agency planned to have a decidedly civilian focus, fostering peaceful space activities. Since its inception, NASA has overseen most of the United States' space exploration operations, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA manages the development of the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System, Commercial Crew vehicles, and the projected Lunar Gateway space station in addition to supporting the International Space Station. The Launch Services Program, which oversees launch operations and countdown management for unpiloted NASA missions, is likewise under the control of the agency.
The Earth Observing System is dedicated to better understanding Earth; the Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program is dedicated to advancing heliophysics; advanced robotic spacecraft such as New Horizons are dedicated to exploring bodies throughout the Solar System; and the Great Observatories and associated programs are dedicated to researching astrophysics topics such as the Big Bang.
The National Gallery of Art, along with its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., United States, located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW. The museum is open to the public and is free of charge. It was founded in 1937 by a joint resolution of the United States Congress for the benefit of the American people. Andrew W. Mellon gave a large art collection as well as construction financing. Paul Mellon, Ailsa Mellon Bruce, Lessing J. Rosenwald, Samuel Henry Kress, Rush Harrison Kress, Peter Arrell Browne Widener, Joseph E. Widener, and Chester Dale gave key pieces of art to the core collection. The Gallery's collection of paintings, drawings, prints, photography, sculpture, medals, and decorative arts spans the Middle Ages to the present day, and includes the only painting by Leonardo da Vinci in the Americas and Alexander Calder's largest mobile.
The complex of the Gallery includes John Russell Pope's original neoclassical West Building, which is connected underground to I. M. Pei's modern East Building. M. Pei, and the Sculpture Garden, which covers 6.1 acres (25,000 m2). Temporary special exhibitions covering the world and the history of art are frequently presented at the Gallery. It is one of North America's largest museums.
The National Gallery is widely regarded as one of the best museums in the United States, often ranking alongside the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, for the breadth, scope, and magnitude of its collections. It is the only one of the top three art museums in the United States by annual visitation that does not charge an admission price. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, it attracted 730,408 visitors in 2020, a decline of 82 percent from 2019. It was ranked twenty-first on the list of the world's most visited art museums in 2020.
One of India's largest museums is the National Museum in New Delhi, commonly known as the National Museum of India. It was founded in 1949 and houses a wide range of items, from prehistoric artifacts to contemporary works of art. It is run by the Government of India's Ministry of Culture. Janpath is where the museum is located. The National Museum's blueprint was created by the Gwyer Committee, which was established by the Indian government in 1946. The museum houses about 200,000 items of art, the majority of which are Indian but also include those from other countries, spanning over 5,000 years.
On the first floor, the National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation, and Museology, which was founded in 1983 and has been a university since 1989, offers Masters and Doctoral level art history, conservation, and museology courses.
The National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Korea (MMCA) is a contemporary art museum with three sections in Gwacheon, Deoksugung, Seoul, and Cheongju. The museum was founded in 1969 as the country's only national art museum, housing Korean modern and contemporary art as well as international art from various periods.
The History of Science Museum in Oxford, England, houses a world-class collection of scientific instruments dating from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century. To distinguish it from the newer Ashmolean Museum structure, which was constructed in 1894, the museum building is also known as the Old Ashmolean Building. It is the world's oldest surviving purpose-built museum, having been built in 1683.
Every afternoon, save Mondays, the museum is available to the general public for free entrance.
The J. Paul Getty Museum, sometimes known as the Getty, is a Los Angeles-based art museum with two campuses: the Getty Center and the Getty Villa.
The Getty Center is a museum in Los Angeles' Brentwood district that houses pre-20th-century European paintings, drawings, illuminated manuscripts, sculpture, decorative arts, and pictures from around the world dating from the dawn of photography to the present day. The Getty Villa, the first Getty museum, is located in Los Angeles' Pacific Palisades district and houses art from Ancient Greece, Rome, and Etruria.
The Pergamon Museum is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a listed building on Museum Island in Berlin's historic center. It was built on the orders of German Emperor Wilhelm II between 1910 and 1930, following plans by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann in the Stripped Classicism style.
The Antikensammlung, which includes the famed Pergamon Altar, the Vorderasiatisches Museum, and the Museum für Islamische Kunst, is currently housed in the Pergamon Museum. Parts of the building are closed until 2023 for redevelopment.
The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam is a Dutch national museum dedicated to art and history. The museum is located near the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and the Concertgebouw in the municipality of Amsterdam South.
The Rijksmuseum was created on November 19, 1798, in The Hague, and moved to Amsterdam in 1808, first to the Royal Palace and then to the Trippenhuis. Pierre Cuypers designed the current main building, which initially opened in 1885. Queen Beatrix inaugurated the main building on April 13, 2013, after a ten-year refurbishment that cost € 375 million. It was the most visited museum in the Netherlands in 2013 and 2014, with 2.2 million and 2.47 million visitors respectively. It is also the country's largest art museum.
From a total collection of 1 million objects dating from 1200 to 2000, the museum has 8,000 works of art and history on exhibit, including masterpieces by Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Johannes Vermeer. In addition, the museum has a small Asian collection on show in the Asian pavilion.
The State Russian Museum, previously the Russian Museum of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III (Russian: усски уе мерaтора лександра III), is the world's biggest depository of Russian fine art, located on Arts Square in Saint Petersburg. It is also one of the world's largest art museums, with a total size of more than 30 hectares. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, it only attracted 1,203,324 visitors in 2020, a 50% decrease from 2019, yet it still ranked eighth among the world's most visited art museums.
The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History is a natural history museum on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., that is managed by the Smithsonian Institution. It is open 364 days a year and admission is free. The museum on the National Mall was one of the first Smithsonian buildings constructed exclusively to hold the national collections and research facilities, opening in 1910. It has an overall area of 1.5 million square feet (140,000 m2) with 325,000 square feet (30,200 m2) of exhibition and public space and was the eleventh most visited museum in the world in 2016, with 7.1 million visitors.
The museum has the world's biggest natural history collection, with over 145 million specimens of plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, human remains, and human cultural items. It also houses over 185 professional natural history scientists, making it the world's largest group of scientists dedicated to the study of natural and cultural history.
The official visitor center of NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston is Space Center Houston, a scientific museum. In 2014, it was designated as a Smithsonian Affiliate Museum. The charity Manned Spaceflight Education Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization, is contracted to run the organization, which is owned by NASA. Mission Control and astronaut training are both housed at the Johnson Space Center.
The official visitor center of NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston is Space Center Houston, which is a science museum. In 2014, it was designated a Smithsonian Affiliate museum. The nonprofit Manned Spaceflight Education Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization, owns the organization and operates it under a contract with NASA. Mission Control and astronaut training are located at the Johnson Space Center.
The Louvre is a historic landmark in Paris, France, and the world's most visited museum. It houses some of the world's most famous works of art, like as the Mona Lisa and the Venus de Milo. It is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the city's 1st arrondissement and is a civic landmark (district or ward). Over a 72,735 square meter space, over 38,000 artefacts from prehistory to the twenty-first century are on display. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, attendance in 2021 was 2.8 million, the lowest since 1986. The museum was closed for 150 days in 2020, resulting in a 72 percent drop in attendance to 2.7 million. In 2020, the Louvre remained the most visited art museum in the world.
The Metropolitan Museum of Manila (also known as the Met) is a notable museum in Manila, Philippines, located within the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Complex on Roxas Boulevard in the Malate area. It advertises itself as the country's main museum for modern and contemporary visual art by both domestic and international artists.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1976 with the goal of exposing Filipinos to current visual art from other cultures. By 1986, it had turned its focus to local art and expanded its audience by giving bilingual exhibition materials and implementing many outreach educational activities such as seminars and symposia, promoting local pride and identity. In 1979, the Metropolitan Museum of Manila Foundation was entrusted with the administration of the museum, which was partially sponsored by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.
Pre-Hispanic goldwork and ceramics, religious artwork, and certain pieces by Félix Resurrección Hidalgo are among the art and historical objects lent by the BSP to the museum's three floors of galleries. The rest of the museum is devoted to contemporary Philippine art by a variety of Filipino artists.
You're about to go on a thrilling underground adventure! Discover the Upper Mississippi Valley mining district's local history by touring the 1845 Bevans Lead-Zinc Mine and riding in a 1931 mine train (weather permitting). Starting with mineral mining, rural life, and the foundation of community, the museum explores the development of culture in southwestern Wisconsin's Driftless Area. Galleries feature nostalgic models, dioramas, relics, and photographs that tell stories and interpret music from the Platteville region's home, school, farm, and civic life. The warring squirrels should not be overlooked! From May to October, guided mine tours are available every day; weather permitting, train rides are also available. Self-guided museum entrance is available by reservation from November to April.
The National Gallery is a museum of art located in Trafalgar Square, in the City of Westminster, central London. It was founded in 1824 and now houses about 2,300 paintings ranging from the mid-13th century to 1900.
The Gallery is a non-departmental public body of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport, and is an exempt charity. The government owns the collection on behalf of the British people, and admission to the main collection is free. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, it only garnered 1,197,143 visitors in 2020, a 50% decrease from 2019, yet it still ranked ninth among the world's most visited art museums.
The National Gallery, unlike analogous museums in continental Europe, was not founded by nationalizing an existing royal or princely art collection. It was founded in 1824 when the British government purchased 38 paintings from John Julius Angerstein's heirs. Following that original purchase, the Gallery's early directors, particularly Charles Lock Eastlake, and private contributions, which today account for two-thirds of the collection, transformed it. The collection is smaller than many European national galleries, but it is encyclopedic in breadth, with notable pieces representing most key advances in Western art from Giotto to Cézanne.
The National Museum of Computing is a museum dedicated to collecting and restoring vintage computer systems in the United Kingdom. The museum opened in 2007 in rented space in Bletchley Park in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire. By the end of WWII, Block H had become the world's first purpose-built computer center, with six Colossus computers.
The museum features a restored Mark 2 Colossus computer, as well as an exhibition highlighting the Park's most difficult code breaking activities, as well as exhibits of machines that span the history of computing from the 1940s to the present day. The museum maintains a policy of keeping as many exhibits in working order as possible.
The National Museum of Computing is a separate registered charity with its own fund-raising and entrance/ticketing, despite its location on the Bletchley Park campus. TNMOC does not receive any government funding and is entirely reliant on the generosity of donors and supporters.
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (previously the United States Air Force Museum) is the United States Air Force's official museum, located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, 6 miles (9.7 kilometers) northeast of Dayton, Ohio. With almost 360 aircraft and missiles on exhibit, the NMUSAF is the world's oldest and largest military aviation museum. The museum receives over a million visitors each year, making it one of Ohio's most popular tourist destinations.
The National Palace Museum in Taipei, Taiwan, houses a permanent collection of almost 700,000 ancient Chinese imperial relics and artworks, making it one of the world's greatest collections of its kind. From the Neolithic period to the present, the collection spans 8,000 years of Chinese history.
The Strong National Museum of Play (often known as The Strong Museum or simply the Strong) is located in Rochester, New York, and is part of The Strong. After several years of planning, cataloguing, and exhibition development for the Museum's new structure in downtown Rochester, the Museum opened to the public in 1982, based on the personal collection of Rochester native Margaret Woodbury Strong.The Museum's purpose was to portray the social and cultural history of ordinary Americans between 1830 and 1940 for at least fifteen years after it opened, under the guidance of H.J. William T. Alderson and Swinney Mrs. Strong's collections of dolls and toys, American and European decorative arts, prints, paintings, Japanese crafts, and advertising ephemera laid a solid basis for this aim, which was augmented by items purchased and donated to further the Museum's early goals. The National Endowment for the Humanities' Exhibitions and Public Programs branch provided the Museum with significant local and national visibility and support, as well as major financial support.
The Board of Trustees and Director of the Museum revised the Museum's aim in the 1990s to collecting, preserving, and explaining the history of play. Since then, it has developed and enlarged its collections (which now number in the hundreds of thousands), as well as expanding twice, in 1997 and 2006.
The National Toy Hall of Fame, the International Center for the History of Electronic Games, and the Brian Sutton-Smith Library and Archives of Play are all Play Partners of The Strong, which also publishes the American Journal of Play.
The Vatican Museums are the Vatican City's public museums. They exhibit works from the vast collection gathered by the Catholic Church and the papacy throughout the ages, including some of the world's most famous Roman sculptures and most important Renaissance masterpieces.
The museums were founded in the early 16th century by Pope Julius II. The Sistine Chapel, with Michelangelo's ceiling and altar wall, and the Stanze di Raffaello (decorated by Raphael) are also on the Vatican Museums' visiting route.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza National Museum (in Spanish, Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, named after its founder), or simply the Thyssen, is an art museum in Madrid, Spain, near the Prado Museum on one of the city's main boulevards. It's part of the (Golden Triangle of Art), which also comprises the Prado and Reina Sofia national museums. The Thyssen-Bornemisza fills historical gaps in its counterparts' collections: in the case of the Prado, this includes Italian primitives and works from the English, Dutch, and German schools, whereas the Reina Sofia's collection includes Impressionists, Expressionists, and European and American paintings from the twentieth century.
It was previously the world's second largest private collection, after the British Royal Collection, with over 1,600 artworks. After failing to gain authorization to expand his Museum in Lugano (Villa Favorita), Baron Thyssen looked for a better-suited location elsewhere in Europe and organized a competition to house the core of the collection in 1987–88.
The Tokyo National Museum ( Tokyo Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan ) or TNM is a Japanese art museum located in Ueno Park in Tokyo's Tait district. It is one of the four museums run by the National Institutes for Cultural Heritage, and it is Japan's oldest national museum, as well as the country's largest art museum and one of the world's largest art museums. The museum gathers, preserves, and exhibits a diverse collection of Asian artwork and cultural artefacts, with a concentration on ancient and medieval Japanese art, as well as Asian art from the Silk Road.
A huge collection of Greco-Buddhist art is also on display. Over 110,000 cultural objects are housed in the museum, including 89 Japanese national treasures, 319 Horyuji treasures, and 644 Important Cultural Properties. Furthermore, the museum is home to almost 3000 Cultural Properties donated by individuals and organizations, including 55 national treasures and 253 notable cultural properties (as of March 2019). In addition to its collection, the museum undertakes research and hosts educational programs.
The Uffizi Gallery is a well-known art museum in the Historic Center of Florence, Tuscany, Italy, near to the Piazza della Signoria. It is one of the most important and visited museums in Italy, as well as one of the world's largest and best-known, and houses a magnificent collection of masterpieces, mainly from the Italian Renaissance period.
The art collections of the governing House of Medici were transferred to the city of Florence under the famous Patto di famiglia, negotiated by Anna Maria Luisa, the last Medici heiress, after the House of Medici died out. One of the first modern museums, the Uffizi, is located in Florence, Italy. Since the sixteenth century, the gallery has been open to visitors on request, and in 1765 it was publicly opened to the public, eventually becoming a museum in 1865.
The Van Gogh Museum is a Dutch art museum in Amsterdam South dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries. It is located near the Stedelijk Museum, Rijksmuseum, and Concertgebouw. Gerrit Rietveld and Kisho Kurokawa designed the museum's structures, which were completed on June 2, 1973.
Van Gogh's paintings and drawings are on display in the museum, which houses the world's largest collection. The museum was the most visited museum in the Netherlands and the world's 23rd most visited art museum in 2017, with 2.3 million visitors. The Meet Vincent Van Gogh Experience, a technology-driven immersive exhibition about Van Gogh's life and works that toured the world in 2019, was inaugurated by the Van Gogh Museum in 2019.
The Vancouver Art Gallery (VAG) is a Canadian art gallery located in Vancouver, British Columbia. The museum is housed in a 15,300-square-metre (165,000-square-foot) structure adjacent to Robson Square in downtown Vancouver, making it Western Canada's largest art museum by building size. The current museum building, designed by Francis Rattenbury, was initially built as a provincial courthouse before being repurposed for museum usage in the early 1980s. In 1980, the Former Vancouver Law Courts National Historic Site of Canada was established.
The museum first opened its doors to the public in 1931, in a structure constructed by the Sharp and Johnston architectural team. The museum's first structure was expanded once in 1950, when preparations were made to relocate the institution to the former provincial courthouse building. In 1983, the museum was moved to the provincial courtroom. In the late 2000s and early 2010s, the museum began making plans to transfer to a new location in Larwill Park.
The permanent collection of the Vancouver Art Gallery acts as a storehouse of art for the Lower Mainland region, with about 12,000 pieces by Canadian and international artists. The museum has arranged and sponsored a number of traveling arts exhibitions in addition to displaying pieces from its own collection.
The M. de Young Museum, formerly the M. de Young Museum, is a museum in San Francisco, California. H. In San Francisco, California, the de Young Memorial Museum is a fine arts museum. It is part of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, together with the Legion of Honor, and is located in Golden Gate Park. M. de Young, an early San Francisco newspaperman, was the inspiration for the de Young.