The island of Newfoundland is Canada's most easterly point, whereas Labrador's huge territory is practically inaccessible. The ice ages molded Newfoundland and Labrador's diverse environment, producing a jagged coastline with deep fjords and steep coastal cliffs that plummet into the sea. Inland, there are miles and miles of moorland and forest, punctuated by lakes and home to moose and caribou herds.
The island's main source of income, because to its proximity to the "Grand Banks," among of the world's richest fishing grounds, was cod fishing until foreign industrial ships destroyed the cod population and habitat to the point where the Canadian government had to cease fishing.
The capital city of St. John's (not to be confused with Saint John, New Brunswick), which is home to nearly a fifth of Newfoundland's population, is a bustling city with a lovely provincial air. Towns and secluded old fishing villages dot the island's uneven coast, attracting visitors with its magnificent beauty, sea life, and great birding spots.
The stunning shoreline is surrounded by miles of footpaths, and historic locations to visit include the first known Viking settlement, early European explorers' landing sites, early flight pioneers' landmarks, and physical evidence of past populations. Accent the last syllables to speak the names like a native, as in Newfoundland and Labrador.
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