Maryland is a small state that surrounds around the massive Chesapeake Bay, which virtually splits it in half. Further west, the state is virtually divided again, with only 1.6 miles of Maryland separating the Virginia and Pennsylvania state lines.
Maryland, which is also surrounded by Delaware, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia, is located in the center of Colonial America and was involved in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the Civil War. Its prominent position in American history includes significant contributions to the Industrial Revolution, westward expansion, the Space Age, and every other significant phase in the country's history.
Maryland has a diverse range of natural features for a state of its size, from the lengthy beaches of its Eastern Shore to the thickly forested hills of its western counties. In the west, the Appalachian Mountains meet, and state parks protect waterfalls, lakes, and plenty of walking opportunities.